|Thesis | Thinking on Space Art | Principle|2 Pure Art and Composite Art 1
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Thinking on Space Art


Part 1   Principle


Chapter 2  Pure Art and Composite Art  1

Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner

   Richard Wagner gave his musical drama a name, composite art (Gesamtkunst). This was an exact name as an expression form which is performed with time art and space art which were totally mobilized, in theater planned by himself, with acting of singer who wore a clothing designed by himself, and then with setting contrived by himself, music and words being integrated in the drama. Each art form, i.e. fine art and music and so on, which composes this composite art were called pure art (Reinekunst). As above-mentioned, composite art aims at the overall expression in the spatio-temporal and pure art is divided into time art and space art.
  The spatio-temporal is the world where human being inhabits daily, and the phenomenon drawn with this as an object is the presentation of internal value of human being. The values are beauty, goodness, truth and holiness. When these values are indicated by an outer symbol, they can be expressed by painting and music sufficiently. To show this symbol in the style that has only either time or space as an expression means needs an excelling genius of creator and an advanced technique.
  However, in the art style which can express time and space, the symbolization of values is not so difficult. These can be easily expressed in stage setting and acting of character or words. As for the art of spatio-temporal expression, the deeper concerning between values and human being can be elucidated and also the interest of the creator is turned there, too. The values are sensed through the mind of human being and externalized. Therefore, the idea about it, that is to say, the presentation of the values is internal for human being. Consequently, the purpose of the spatio-temporal art is expression of this internal values. Speaking in another way, if concerning with the values inside human being is not drawn in composite art as the spatio-temporal art, it is not suitable as an art expression.
  By the way, in the spatio-temporal art expresses actual world, as means of expression, language in addition to time and space is used. Because time and space are equipped from the first, there is no lack in implement. As above-mentioned, in case of pure art, since used implement was insufficient to express actual world, a technique complement it must be developed. However, as for composite art, to use extra energy for such a technique is not necessary and language which becomes another element is used as a new expression means. Then, since language is an inevitable accompaniment for the mind activity of human being, to use this is useful for expression of the presentation of the internal values which are purpose of composite art, too.
  The art which uses language is literature. It is widely known already that linguistic art is the third art type different from time art and space art. Language does not concern time and space. This is a special sign, the inter-subjectivity, which mediates the idea of plural human beings. Because language as sign is external from time and space, it can concern equally to these both. Therefore, in composite art, it can mingle with expression of the spatio-temporal.
  Language is a kind of sign, and sign has two-facedness such as existence and function. The function of sign is indispensable for language act because of concerning with the above-mentioned inter-subjectivity. Also, since there is a side of existence in sign, it has consubstantiality with material or mental existence. A sign is used in the subject of human being; each of  material and

Jaques Derrida
Jacques Derrida

mental existence appears as objective notion and image in this subject of human being. Therefore, a sign is combined with this objective notion or image. Then, Jacques Derrida aimed only at the material-ness of sign, but it concerns mental existence equally and has relation with image. When seeing a sign from the side of this objective notion or image, it is called the meaning of sign.
   On the other hand, it is needless to say that it is syntax that thinks of sign only from the aspect of function. Because language is a kind of sign, it has the meaning which occurs from the combination with this objective notion and image naturally. A linguistic meaning is formed customarily in the accumulation of activity of human being. However, the combination of sign except language and objective notion or image is newly made by setting of a special agreement. In this way, there are traditional one and founding one in meaning operation of sign.



This text should not be translated into any other languages without autor's permission. 



Written and Translated by Taketoshi Murayama.
Original translation is rewritten by C T

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